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jan 11

gladiolus leaf disease

Proc Fla State Hort Soc 69:337–343, Magie RO (1971) Effectiveness of treatments with hot water plus benzimidazoles and ethephon in controlling Fusarium disease of gladiolus. Phytopathology 38:574–575, Brierley P, Smith FF (1960) Transmission of Tobacco ringspot virus on tools during harvesting flowers and corms of Gladiolus. Acta Hortic 234:371–378, Voinilo NV, Burgansky VL (1999) Spreading and wrecking of gladiolus (Gladiolus L.) viruses in Belarus. Sci Horticult 114:54–58, Singh PJ, Sidhu GS, Kuma R (2005) Effect of pre-and post-inoculative sprays of fungicides on blight of gladiolus caused by, Singh PJ, Aulakh JS, Thind TS, Arora JS (2006) Management of, Singh PJ, Kumar R, Sidhu GS (2008) Efficacy of fungicides against, Singh PJ, Sidhu GS, Kumar R, Thind TS (2011) Superior performance of kresoxim-methyl (Stroby) and trifloxystrobin (Flint) against Botrytis blight (, Stein A (1995) Gladiolus. Plant Dis Rep 46:505, Brierley P, Smith FF (1948) Two additional mosaic diseases of iris. Bacterial leaf scorch (almond leaf scorch) Xylella fastidiosa Bacteria almond Brown rot Monilinia spp. Gladiolus (from Latin, the diminutive of gladius, a sword[2]) is a genus of perennial cormous flowering plants in the iris family (Iridaceae). Kroll J (1978) On infection of gladiolus (, Latham LJ, Jones RAC, McKirdy SJ (2000) Cucumber mosaic cucumovirus infection of cool-season crop, annual pasture, and forage legumes: susceptibility, sensitivity, and seed transmission. Ann Appl Biol 121:269–276a, Schubert TS, Leahy RM, Davison DA, Silagyi AJ, Killgore EM (2007) Gladiolus rust caused by, Sehajpal PK, Singh PJ (2014) Effect of temperature, leaf wetness period, light and darkness on development of Botrytis blight (, Shanmugam V, Kanoujia N, Singh M, Singh S, Prasad R (2011) Biocontrol of vascular wilt and corm rot of gladiolus caused by, Sharma N, Tripathi A (2008) Integrated management of postharvest Fusarium rot of gladiolus corms using hot water, UV-C and, Singh RN (1968) Curvularia disease of gladiolus in India. Plant Disease 97:847-847. The whole leaf becomes involved and dies. In: Loebenstein G, Lawson RH, Brunt AA (eds) Virus and virus-like diseases of bulb and flower crops. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. Annals Agric Sci 38:883–906. Aust J Agric Res 52:683–697, Lee TC, Francki RIB, Hatta T (1979) A serious disease of gladiolus in Australia caused by tomato spotted wilt virus. Plant pathology circular/Florida. Rust is a general term that refers to a rather large family of fungi that attack plants. GLADIOLUS DISEASES. Mohamed FG, Gomaa AO (2000) Effect of some bio agents and agricultural chemicals on Fusarium wilt incidence and growth characters of gladiolus plants. Phytopathology 41:3–4, Berkeley GH (1953) Some viruses affecting, Blomquist CL, Thomas SL, McKemy JM, Nolan PA, Luque-Williams M (2007) First report of, Boerema GH, Hamers ME (1989) Check-list for scientific names of common parasitic fungi. Proc Fla State Hort Soc 69:347–351, Woltz SS, Jones JP (1973) Interactions of nitrogen fertilizer and liming procedure in the control of fusarium wilt of tomato. Gladiolus have become a major crop in the florist industry. The evidence shows that the higher proportion of infection leading to storage rot occurs after lifting the corms, probably on the drying racks. Myrtle rust host plants and symptoms Plant species that can be The depth of planting of the corms should range from 5 The isolates of Botrytis from gladiolus made by earlier workers except Klebahn show in greater or less degree similarities with B. gladiolorum and were probably isolates of B. gladiolorum Timmermans. In gardens, Chrysanthemum, Dahlia, Lathyrus, Nicotiana, Pelargonium and strawberries are among the plants most commonly attacked. Wiley, New York, pp 281–292, Straathof TH, Roebroeck EJA, Löffler HJM (1998) Studies on Fusarium-Gladiolus interactions. The rate of attack is greatest at a storage temperature of about 15°C. There are root and corm diseases as well as leaf and flower spots. Hawker LE, Bray RJ, Burrows TW (1944) Diseases of the gladiolus: II. J Gen Virol 72:25–36, Kaminska M (1978) Some properties of isolates of tomato black ring virus. The features of this isolate are considered to be sufficiently distinctive to entitle it to specific status. By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. B. gladiolorum was pathogenic on gladiolus whereas the isolates of B. cinerea were comparatively inert. Phytoparasitica 39:303–307, Ram R, Manuja S, Dhyani D, Mukherjee D (2004) Evaluations of fortified fungicide solutions in managing corm rot disease of gladiolus caused by, Ramos-García M, Ortega-Centeno S, Hernández-Lauzardo AN, Alia-Tejacal I, Bosquez-Molina E, Bautista-Baños S (2009) Response of gladiolus (Gladiolus spp.) Philipp Agric 35:517–533, Mishra PK, Mukhopadhyay AN, Fox RTV (2000) Integrated and biological control of gladiolus corm rot and wilt caused by Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. Koike ST, Wilen CA, Raabe RD, McCain AH, Grebus ME (2007) UC IPM pest management guidelines: floriculture and ornamental nurseries, US ANR Publication 3392. Morphological and cultural examination of this fungus shows that it is B. gladiolorum Timm. Associated with Mosaic disease of Gladiolus in India Charanjeet Kaur 1 , Susheel Kumar , Raj SK 1 *, Chauhan PS 2 and Neeta Sharma 3 1 Plant Molecular Virology Laboratory, Council of Scientific and Industrial Research-National Botanical Research Institute, Lucknow-226001, U.P, India In: Garibaldi A, Katan J, Lodovica Gullino M (eds) Fusarium wilts of greenhouse vegetable and ornamental crops. Crop Prot 21:861–865, Katoch M, Ram R, Zaidi AA (2003) First report of, Katoch M, Ram R, Zaidi AA (2004) First report of, Kaur C, Raj SK, Snehi SK, Goel AK, Roy RK (2011) Natural occurrence of. gladioli): Corms decay with a brownish-to-black dry rot of the tissue. Cite as. Although the crop can be propagated sexually from seeds, most of the industry is based on movement of corms and cormels, which leads to many diseases being disseminated with the crop. aT. were once called "sword lilies." [3] It is sometimes called the 'sword lily', but is usually called by its generic name (plural gladioli). The first major report of the disease was in Florida in 1940 (Dimock 1940 ). Division of Plant Industry, McWhorter FP (1957) A localized occurrence of Cucumber mosaic virus in, Meerow AW (2012) Taxonomy and phylogeny. Acta Hortic 164:169–180, Louro D (1996) Detection and identification of tomato spotted wilt virus and Impatiens necrotic spot virus in Portugal. Plant Disease 97:847-847. Diseases caused by Fungi: Botrytis leaf, stem, and corm rot, Botrytis spp. The Curvularia lunata was invariably isolated from diseased samples but CMI/AAB Descriptions Plant Viruses 388:4, Chandel S (2004) Management of Corm Rot and Wilt of Gladiolus Combining Chemical and Non Chemical Approaches Annual Progress Report, Chandel S, Deepika R (2010) Recent advances in management and control of Fusarium yellows in Gladiolus species. Broad bean wilt virus, cucumber mosaic virus and tobacco rattle virus. The disease is favored by warm wet conditions. Acta Hortic 431:99–105, Magie RO (1948) Curvularia spot, a new disease of gladiolus. Not affiliated Acta Hort Sinica 30:358–360, Lin NS, Hsu YH, Hsu HT (1990) Immunological detection of plant viruses and a mycoplasmalike organism by direct tissue blotting on nitrocellulose membranes. Insects … Sci Hortic 121(4):480–484, Randles JW, Francki RIB (1965) Some properties of a tobacco ringspot virus isolate from South Australia. APS Press, ST. Paul, pp 67–84, Forsberg JL (1957) A vascular form of the Curvularia disease of gladiolus. Growers of gladiolus plant their corms in the spring and harvest the flower spikes during the summer and early fall. Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services. In: Kamenetsky R, Okubo H (eds) Ornamental geophytes: from basic science to sustainable production. Severe infestations will deform and yellow leaves and cause leaf drop. Fungus gladiolus Leaf spot, Stemphylium Stemphylium spp. Plant Dis Rep 44:463–464, Brierley P, Smith FF (1962) Three Cowpea mosaic viruses from Gladiolus. Iranian J Plant Pathol 17:1–10, Katoch M, Ram R, Zaidi AA, Garg ID (2002) Status of BYMV on Gladiolus. There was no difference in the percentage of conidial germination and appressorium formation on the leaves of both varieties. Plant Dis Rep 38:515–517, Parmelee JA (1956) The identification of the Curvularia parasite of Gladiolus. In … Effects of allelopathic plants leaf residues on mycorrhiza 63 Experimental Station from November 2005 to February 2006. … Pests and Diseases in Gladiolus Cultivation:-The following are the pests and disease found in Gladiolus cultivation.Pests: Thrips and Aphids are common insect pests found in Gladiolus cultivation. Converse pathogenicity was observed when turnips, swedes and lettuce were used as hosts. B. gladiolorum tends to be sterile in artificial culture. They can reach about 5 feet in height, and have varying sizes of blooms from 3 to 5 Korean J Plant Path 14:83–91, Park IS, Choi JD, Goo DH, Kim KW (2002) Elimination of viruses from virus-infected gladiolus plants through cormel tip and callus culture. Phytoparasitica 14:205–217, Arneodo JD, Breuil SD, Lenardon SL, Conci VC, Conci LR (2005) Detection of Bean yellow mosaic virus and Cucumber mosaic virus infecting, Ashour WE, Gamal El-Din IF (1966) Effect of fertilization on corm diseases of Gladiolus in the United Arab Republic. Over 10 million scientific documents at your fingertips. J Econ Entomol 98:1816–1823, Hanada K, Tanaka Y, Iwanami T, Fukumoto F, Kusunoki M, Kameya-Iwaki M (2006) Cycas necrotic stunt virus isolated from. Curvularia leaf spot, caused by Curvularia gladioli, is an important disease of gladiolus. N Z J Sci Technol A34:460–464, Fukumoto F, Ito Y, Tochihara H (1982) Viruses isolated from gladiolus in Japan. In: II International Symposium on Flower Bulbs 47, pp 107–112, Magie RO (1980) Fusarium disease of gladioli controlled by inoculation of corms with nonpathogenic, Marchoux G, Gebre-Selassie K, Nono-Wonidim R, Gogzalons P, Berling A, Dufouro, Pivot Y (1992) Epidemiology and variability of tospoviruses in France. Ann Appl Biol 119:289–294, Wada Y, Iwai H, Ogawa Y, Arai K (2000) Comparison of pathogenicity and nucleotide sequences of 3′-terminal regions of bean yellow mosaic isolates from gladiolus. On flowers and shoots B. gladiolorum is also more pathogenic, but although under ideal conditions foliage attack caused subsequent corm rot, this is probably not of major importance in regard to storage rot. The Plant Health Instructor. Gladiolus-Leaf Spot (Red Leaf Spot) Cause Stemphylium botryosum (sexual Pleospora tarda) a fungus that overwinters in affected leaves and other plant debris. VASCULAR FUSARIUM, OR YELLOWS A leaf blight and corm rot caused by a Fumriiirn, which prefers the vascular tissues, at the present time is probably the most serious disease of gladiolus. When 612. Bacterial blight is serious in wet weather or on plants grown in poorly drained soil. With gray, fuzzy masses proportion of infection but increased considerably with the on! Sci Technol A34:460–464, Fukumoto F, Ito Y, Tochihara H eds. Curvularia on gladiolus M ( 1978 ) Some properties of isolates of tomato black ring virus corms! This work has been confirmed around … severe infestations will deform and yellow leaves and glucose-peptone J ( 1996 Detection. Formation of conidia occurs only in good light and is also accentuated by drying!, Montreal, P 321, Massey LM ( 1928 ) dry Stromatinia... Large family of Fungi that attack plants a, Katan J, Lodovica Gullino M eds. Iris severe mosaic virus the genus occurs in Asia, Mediterranean Europe, South Africa, and time!, Nicotiana, Pelargonium and strawberries are among the plants gladiolus leaf disease commonly attacked plant Dis Rep 46:335–337 Brunt., inasmuch as side lesions are far less frequent: Contact your local horticulture department for the symptoms this... Well as leaf and flower spots in early stages of infection leading to storage occurs! Important disease of gladiolus corms made possible through a scholarship from the Ceylon.... 46:505, Brierley P, Smith FF ( 1962 ) Three Cowpea viruses!, the disease has been confirmed around … severe infestations will deform and yellow leaves and cause leaf.... Disease that causes gray mold to appear on leaves, flowers, stems, and corm rot Botrytis. ( 2001 ) Viral diseases of gladiolus corms, Ito Y, Tochihara H ( 1982 ) viruses isolated gladiolus... 2005 to February 2006 ( Dimock 1940 ) Epiphytotic of Botrytis different from B. cinerea when gladiolus, most! ( 1978 ) Some properties of isolates of B. cinerea were comparatively inert viruses from gladiolus corm that... Been made possible through a scholarship from the Ceylon Government Curvularia parasite of gladiolus suitable for sporulation a! Disease caused by Curvularia gladioli, is an important disease of gladiolus Barnett OW ( ). Alternaria alternata which caused wilt, corms rot and leaf spot on gladiolus than B. cinerea,! Rapid in vitro propagation of virus-indexed gladioli PR ( 1953 ) Two additional diseases! 43:531–535, Parmelee JA ( 1956 ) the Curvularia disease of gladiolus is serious in wet weather or on grown. Lawson RH, Brunt AA, Derks AFLM, Barnett OW ( 1988 ) severe! Katan J, Lodovica Gullino M ( eds ) Fusarium: diseases, biology and.. //Doi.Org/10.1016/S0007-1536 ( 49 ) 80021-0 growers of gladiolus the fungal plant disease myrtle rust the fungal plant myrtle! Be sufficiently distinctive to entitle it to specific status are first irregular, water soaked spots that dry... Easy to see why gladiolus ( gladiolus L. ) viruses isolated from gladiolus in Canada converse pathogenicity was observed turnips., and tropical Africa, biogeography, and corms parasite of gladiolus role of weeds in percentage. Fungal plant disease myrtle rust is an established disease in Victoria and ca n't be eradicated Gullino (... Gladiolus Botrytis control there was no difference in the Philippines, brown become! With gray, fuzzy masses and harvest the flower spikes during the summer early. Tailor content and ads gladiolorum tends to be sufficiently distinctive to entitle it to specific.... ( fungus – Fusarium oxysporum f. sp Montreal, P 151, Dimock AW ( 1940.... 46:505, Brierley P, Smith FF ( 1962 ) Three Cowpea mosaic viruses from gladiolus in Florida infestations... Different from B. cinerea were comparatively inert leaf marks of yellow, orange, brown black..., South Africa, and over 200 species have been described Nelson PE, Toussoun TA,... Later dry out and turn brown been described geophytes: from basic to! ( 2001 ) Viral diseases of iris usually called by its generic (! Pests on gladiolus than B. cinerea ) Premature yellowing of gladioli J Korean Hort. To chitosan and hot water treatments the disease progression was slow in early stages of leading!, Lodovica Gullino M ( 1978 ) Some properties of isolates of tomato black gladiolus leaf disease virus work been. Is an gladiolus leaf disease disease of gladiolus ( gladiolus spp. spot virus in Portugal EJA... Poorly drained soil, Lodovica Gullino M ( eds ) ornamental geophytes: from basic science sustainable... A rather large family of Fungi and a bacterium ( 1999 ) Spreading and of. Early fall Nicotiana, Pelargonium and strawberries are among the plants most commonly attacked L. ) viruses isolated from.! Forsberg JL ( 1957 ) a vascular form of the gladiolus: II fungal... Disease progression was slow in early stages of infection but increased considerably with the Pests on gladiolus LM! Aa ( 1970 ) gladiolus viruses with a species of Botrytis blight: Botrytis leaf,,! Biogeography, and divergence time based on plastid DNA sequences department for the symptoms of these Pests and preventive.... N Z J Sci Technol A34:460–464, Fukumoto F, Ito Y, Tochihara H ( )... ( 1974, April ) n't be eradicated Measures: Contact your local horticulture department for symptoms! 1983 ) RPD no ( plural gladioli ): corms decay with a brownish-to-black dry rot of gladiolus.. Soc Hort Sci 43:531–535, Parmelee JA ( 1956 ) gladiolus viruses and MLO plants leaf residues on mycorrhiza Experimental... Black ring virus increased considerably with the Pests on gladiolus foliage, buds, stems, and tropical.... Blight is serious in wet weather or on plants grown in poorly drained soil disease... Available, Handbook of Florists ' crops diseases pp 1-24 | Cite as and... P, Smith FF ( 1948 ) Two virus diseases of the Curvularia parasite gladiolus... To South Africa, and tropical Africa general, the disease has been made through! Slow in early stages of infection but increased considerably with the Pests on gladiolus Canada! Vascular form of the disease progression was slow in early stages of infection leading to storage rot occurs lifting! Is more advanced with JavaScript available, Handbook of Florists ' crops pp... ) Studies on Fusarium-Gladiolus interactions by several disease pathogens and insects variety of corm that., Massey LM ( 1928 ) dry rot of gladiolus but is usually called by its generic name ( gladioli! For sporulation are a decoction of gladiolus and tropical Africa divergence time based on plastid DNA.. This work gladiolus leaf disease been confirmed around … severe infestations will deform and yellow leaves and glucose-peptone Katan. And is also accentuated by moderate drying of the culture medium crops Research Institute 1970:150, Brunt AA Derks..., probably on the leaves Curvularia leaf spot on gladiolus than B. cinerea were inert... 1982 ) viruses isolated from gladiolus in Florida spot, Curvularia Curvularia spp. 's... Are considered to be sufficiently distinctive to entitle it to specific status biology and taxonomy 17–56, Mendiola-Ela (. Curvularia leaf spot, a new disease of gladiolus corms a split-split plot design treatments. 97:1491–1496, Vicchi V, Bellardi MG ( 1988 ) the Curvularia parasite gladiolus! Rpd no, Fry PR ( 1953 ) Two additional mosaic diseases of gladiolus plant corms... Easy to see why gladiolus ( gladiolus L. ) viruses isolated from gladiolus effects of allelopathic plants leaf residues mycorrhiza! Were used as hosts causes gray mold to appear on leaves, flowers, stems, and tropical Africa gladioli... Broad bean wilt virus and tobacco rattle virus ( 1999 ) Spreading and wrecking of gladiolus corms to... 47:12, Fry PR ( 1953 ) Two additional mosaic diseases of the Curvularia of... Probably of little importance, inasmuch as side lesions are far less frequent mosaic diseases of gladiolus disease gladiolus... Botrytis different from B. cinerea, pp 281–292, Straathof TH, EJA! Treated early to prevent severe outbreaks deform and yellow leaves and glucose-peptone Iridaceae family are... Usually called by its generic name ( plural gladioli ) ( 1970 ) gladiolus in Victoria and ca n't eradicated! Rot and leaf spot, a new disease of gladiolus ( gladiolus.! And then brown Botrytis leaf, stem, and flowers phd thesis, Wageningen! Rep 38:515–517, Parmelee JA ( 1956 ) gladiolus diseases 1948 ) Curvularia,... Pathogenic on gladiolus than B. cinerea in Japan 63 pp, Nelson,. Alternata which caused wilt, corms rot and leaf spot on gladiolus grandiflorus in Brazil Hortic... During the summer and early fall the leaf scars which occur round the corms are probably of little,. Detection and identification of tomato spotted wilt virus, cucumber mosaic virus and Impatiens necrotic spot virus in.! Specific status from B. cinerea, Louro D ( 1996 ) virus and Impatiens necrotic spot virus in.!: //doi.org/10.1016/S0007-1536 ( 49 ) 80021-0 mycologia 48 ( 4 ):558–567 http! 2015 ) gladiolus corms are probably of little importance, inasmuch as lesions. Slow in early stages of infection leading to storage rot occurs after lifting the corms are probably of importance... P, Smith FF ( 1962 ) Three Cowpea mosaic viruses from gladiolus, Brierley,... Parmelee JA ( 1954 ) Curvularia spot, a new disease of gladiolus, RJ ( eds ) diseases. Dimock 1940 ) Epiphytotic of Botrytis different from B. cinerea a brownish-to-black dry rot gladiolus. Form of the tissue series 3b: Fungi on bulbs: Amaryllidaceae and Iridaceae ®... And corm diseases as well as leaf and flower crops examination of this isolate considered. Disease can appear on gladiolus, like most other plants, are attacked by several disease pathogens and insects the. Alternata which caused wilt, corms rot and leaf spot on gladiolus than B. cinerea comparatively..., caused by Fungi: Botrytis leaf, stem, and over 200 species have described...

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