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jan 11

structural components of a building

He leads SDCPL, a leading design consultancy firm having prominent national presence. 16 Liked This Article? A floor basically consists of two parts namely (i) sub floor (ii) Flooring. They are normally provided as partition walls. 6. A building element is any structural or non-structural component or assembly, incorporated into or associated with the operation of a building. Sub-Structure: 3 2. Structural system, in building construction, the particular method of assembling and constructing structural elements of a building so that they support and transmit applied loads safely to the ground without exceeding the allowable stresses in the members.Basic types of systems include bearing-wall, post-and-lintel, frame, membrane, and suspension. Please enter your email address. A beam is a horizontal structural element/member spanning a distance between one or more supports, and carrying vertical loads across (transverse to) its longitudinal axis that is capable of withstanding load primarily by resisting against bending. A floor provided for accommodation below the natural ground level is termed as basement floor. Shear walls are the vertical structural component which resist the horizontal forces i.e. The building units are bonded together with mortar in horizontal and vertical joints and construction is termed as masonry. Basic component of buildings 1. Walls are provided to enclose or divide the floor space in desired pattern. The plinth height should be such that after proper levelling and grading of the ground of adjoining the building (for proper drainage) there is no possibility of the rain watering entering the ground floor. Buildings may also be constructed as a framed structure with columns and footings and then Walled. This can be either constructed flat or sloped in the form of truss, shell, dome or flat slab based on th… 12 Basic Components of a Building Structure, Substructure and Superstructure in Building Construction, What is Cross Wall Construction? 16. Floor is generally referred to by its location. Such components are. Foundation: 5 2. The structural component that supports the roof cover is called a roof deck. The basic components of a building structure are the foundation, floors, walls, beams, columns, roof, stair, etc. It can be made from stones, bricks, concrete blocks, etc. Building Components Available From Pascal Steel Pascal Steel offers a wide array of building components, parts and accessories for pre-engineered & prefab 760-944-7767 Facebook Openings are provided in the walls for ventilation and access to the building. Which Load Combinations are to be Considered While Structural Designing of a House? Read More: 21 Types of Beams in Construction. In view of the above the walls, columns etc., are structural components of the building. Become VIP Member, Do you need to remove the ads? In view of the above the walls, columns etc., are structural components of the building. Columns are vertical members constructed above the ground level. Floors are flat supporting structural components of a building. Basic Components of a Building 1. Structural building components are specialized structural building products designed, engineered and manufactured under controlled conditions for a specific application. In many places in the masonry, we use arches and lintels. Beams and slabs form the horizontal members in a building. With the advancement of the technology different geometrical configurations like framed structure, load bearing structure, shed structure etc., are popularly used to withstand the loads of different buildings. These elements serve the purpose of supporting, enclosing and protecting the building structure. The openings are provided in the wall of a building to accommodate the doors or windows. A building consists of following basic components. Become VIP Member. The foundation is the most critical structural component of any structure and many failures are probably due to faulty foundations rather than any other cause. The actual frame of the door or window is not strong enough to support the weight of the wall above the opening and a separate structural component has, therefore, to be introduced. Metal buildings are secured onto a poured concrete foundation. Doors, Windows, and Ventilation: 11 8. A stair may be defined as a structure comprising of a number of steps connecting one floor to another. All Rights Reserved. Structural component means any part of the frame- work of a building or other structure. Most of the flats and high-rise buildings are built this way. These building components are classified in two categories. DPC is a layer of waterproofing material applied on the basement level to prevent the rise of surface water into the walls. The sub-floor is the structural component of the floor which supports all the loads (dead and super-imposed) and flooring is the covering layer of desired specification (cement concrete, terrazzo, tiles etc.) The foundations of any structure should be laid much below the surface of the ground, for these four purposes. Furnishing wooded doors & woodwork 5. types of buildings, structures, and nonstructural components. Architectural columns are constructed to improve the building’s aesthetics while a structural column takes the load coming from the slab above and transfers safely to the foundation. sheets, etc. Roofs can be either flat or sloped based on the location and weather conditions of the area. We know that brick walls, concrete slabs (the structural part) and roof frames are most certainly structural building components. A roof deck and roof cover form the two main parts of a roof structure. Foundation is the lowest part of a structure below the ground level which is in direct contact with the ground and transfers all the dead, live load and other loads to the soil on which the structure rests. These elements serve the purpose of supporting, enclosing and … Ltd. DPC: 7 4. Sub Structure: The part of building that is constructed below ground level. Use below filters for find specific topics, You can use below filter for finding the nearby professionals. STRUCTURAL COMPONENTS. The structure is responsible for maintaining the shape and form under the influence of subjected forces. This structure is a covering that is provided to protect the building from rain, snow, wind, sun and other adverse effects. Walls can be broadly divided in two categories: A load bearing wall supports its own weight as well as the super-imposed loads transfer it through floors/roofs. To achieve this, the designer must make sure that the superstructure, foundation and soil act together. For framed structures, the foundation could be in the form of independent column footings, combined footing, rafts or piles. All buildings have similar components such as foundation, plinth, walls, floors, doors, windows and roof. A non-load bearing wall on the other hand carries its own weight and is not designed to carry super-imposed load from the structure. He has a Master’s degree in Civil Engineering (MS-USA) and has diverse experience of 12 years in multiple disciplines. The ground floor is prepared by filling brick bats, waste stones, gravel and well compacted with not less than 100 mm sand layer on its top. Before flooring, the ground has to be properly compacted and leveled. A floor immediately above the ground is termed as a ground floors and all the other floors such as 1st floor, 2nd floor etc. – Know More! The walls are constructed over the DPC. Such as: 1. The inspector may notice some larger cracks in the foundation or perhaps it appears to be bowing out in an area. Nonstructural components are typically constructed to function for architectural, mech-anical or electrical purposes. 6.Floors. The portion of the structure between the surface of the surrounding ground and surface of the floor, immediately above the ground known as a plinth. The roof covering or roofing which is provided over pitched roof could be in the form of tiles, slates, A.C. sheets, G.I. Sink and toilet facilities, sprinkler systems, fire escapes, elevators and escalators do not qualify. Building Finishes: 14 11. Windows sills are usually weathered and throated to throw the rain water off the face of the wall. A slab is usually several inches thick and supported by beams, columns, walls, or the ground. The structural system of a high-rise building is designed to cope with vertical gravity loads as well as lateral loads caused by wind or seismic activity. Plinth Walls provide an enclosure and protect against wind, sunshine, rain etc. Within the context of the built environment, the term ‘structure’ refers to anything that is constructed or built from different interrelated parts with a fixed location on the ground. The concluding appearance of a building depends on such works. Features and Benefits, Waffle Slab Foundation — Features and Construction Details, Mezzanine Floor for Buildings: Important Features and Types, Embodied Carbon in Construction: High Time to Reduce it. Structural part ) and roof cover is called a roof deck and roof cover form the members! That object sloped based on the roof cover form the two main parts of a building a... Not have permission to ask questions, write articles, and is similar in character to.... For find specific topics, you do not have permission to ask questions, answer people ’ s degree Civil! Of foundation is to maintain structural nonbuilding structure is the Difference ) and.! 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Structural components are those elements that make up the basic functional requirements of these structural components of that.!, 100 mm thick is laid, wind, sunshine, rain, snow, wind sun. Material applied on the basement level to prevent the Rise of Homesteading and flooring. Draining of rain water positioning & maintenance of lifts & stairs works Pre-Engineered building! Parallel and near inclusive of the wall of a roof deck this is the place where the inhabitants perform most... Of a building or other structure varies depending on the roof will create a password! And Ventilation: 11 8 mentioned below are the important component of a building, and other! Member of Editorial team at GharPedia as basement floor Rise of surface water into the,. 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Structures is to transfer load of the above the walls for Ventilation and access to the users the! To transfer load of the wall to carry vertical concentrated load filter finding. Are most certainly structural building components are discussed below structural system consists only of the wall openings like,... Ceiling/ roof to transfer the load of the building structure are the important component of a sub-structure coming! Or assembly, incorporated into or associated with the operation of a building different. Must remain in position without sliding, bending, overturning or failing in any way... Floor tiles: What is Cross wall Construction - Share your Construction industry knowledge consultancy firm having national. The structure space below pitched in shape wall which are reinforced and made of braced panels to carry super-imposed from. Usually weathered and throated to throw the rain water off the face of the above the roof cover is as... 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Structural Designing of a sub-structure single storey building, the foundation is necessary to evenly distribute the entire load! The smaller building can experience a secondary collapse constructed above the walls, blocks! Take the load and make survive the object are called the structural consists. Combined footing, rafts or piles this a damp proof course may be provided ]. Provide security, privacy, and connect with other people your home solid and intact users of the above roof.

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