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jan 11

meaning of platonic love

This is the type of love, that, according to Socrates, is practiced by animals. Later in 1469, Marsilio Ficinoput forward a theory of neo-platonic love in which he defines love as a personal ability of an individual which guides their soul towards cosmic processes and lofty spiritual goals and heavenly ideas (De Amore, Les Belles Lettres, 2012). Originally, Plato’s view was directed towards same-sex relationships (sexual or not), but as time passed, our definition of platonic love has shifted. [4], "So this is how I assert that Eros is the oldest, most honorable, and most competent of the gods with regard to the acquisition of virtue and happiness by human beings both when living and dead. states: "The most popular reasons for retaining a platonic relationship of the opposite sex (or sex of attraction) was to safeguard a relationship, followed by not attracted, network disapproval, third party, risk aversion, and time out." So, while it can certainly coexist with erotic love, it can also help both parties to it live more fulfilling lives even in the absence of romance. The real meaning of love in a relationship is to willfully compromise your needs in order to accommodate your partner’s needs or desires. Definition of platonic love. Herrmann, F. (2013). In this sense, it most often refers to a heterosexual relationship. The step of this ascent is known as the "Ladder of Love". The Sacral Chakra, also known as the Swadishthan Chakra, represents Joy, well being and emotion. ", Miller, P. A. Platonic love definition, love of the Idea of beauty, seen as terminating an evolution from the desire for an individual and the love of physical beauty to the love and contemplation of … Omissions? But, at the same time, physical touch in the form of hugs, or reassuring touches, is important in a relationship. [5], "Eros is ... a moment of transcendence ... in so far as the other can never be possessed without being annihilated in its status as the other, at which point both desire and transcendence would cease ... (84)[5], In the Symposium, Eros is discussed as a Greek god—more specifically, the king of the gods, with each guest of the party giving a eulogy in praise of Eros. This concept of Divine Eros is later transformed into the term platonic love. One of the complications of platonic love lies within the persistence of the use of the title itself "platonic love" versus the use of "friend". "[9] "Platonic lovers function to underscore a supportive role where the friend sees her or his duty as the provision of advice, encouragement, and comfort to the other person ... and do not entail exclusivity."[10]. Pausanias, in Plato's Symposium (181b–182a), explained two types of love or Eros—Vulgar Eros or earthly love and Divine Eros or divine love. Platonic love got its name from the Greek philosopher Plato who in his famous Symposium wrote about the meaning of love from different viewpoints. ", Rojcewicz, R. (1997). A platonic relationship or emotion is loving but not sexual: 2. This was caused by Georgios Gemistos Plethon during the Councils of Ferrara and Firenze in 1438–1439. [according to whom?] In such love there can be no sort of tragedy.” ― Leo Tolstoy , ... And I don’t mean that in the boring average meaning of ‘friend’ where we stop talking regularly when we’re twenty-five because we’ve both met nice young men and gone off to have babies, and only get to meet up twice a year. Thus, in common speech, platonic love means a supremely affectionate relationship between human beings in which sexual intercourse is neither desired nor practiced. It is on the way to fruition, just as the philosopher is not yet in possession of wisdom but is reaching out after it. Originally, Platonic love was love that was not vulgar, meaning it wasn’t centered on lust or fulfilling carnal needs. One would be forever limited to beauty of the body, never being able to access the true essence of beauty. This was caused by Georgios Gemistos Plethon during the Councils of Ferrara and Firenze in 1438–1439. The love between friends is platonic love. She values the platonic friendship she has had with Chris for ten years. Virtue is the result of pregnancy of the soul. Secondly, a study by Hause and Messman[which?] According to Plato, there are different stages of appreciation and love that a person must go through if he feels inclined to experience the ultimate and divine love, named ‘The Beautiful’. On Ficin… Corrections? This can be seen as a form of linguistic relativity. In the modern use it has generally been used to mean a non-romantic relationship between heterosexual opposite sex friends. Truth and wisdom are the most dependable and beautiful and the best of all good things, and this is why Plato suggests that love is not a god but rather a philosopher. It is derived from the concept in Plato's Symposium of the love of the idea of good which lies at the root of all virtue and truth. Platonic love as devised by Plato concerns rising through levels of closeness to wisdom and true beauty from carnal attraction to individual bodies to attraction to souls, and eventually, union with the truth. The desirous soul is not yet in fruition of the good. 2 : a close relationship between two persons in which sexual desire is nonexistent or has been suppressed or sublimated. Watch Queue Queue Later in 1469, Marsilio Ficino put forward a theory of neo-platonic love in which he defines love as a personal ability of an individual which guides their soul towards cosmic processes and lofty spiritual goals and heavenly ideas (De Amore, Les Belles Lettres, 2012). "Motives to Remain Platonic, Equity, and the Use of Maintenance Strategies in Opposite-Sex Friendships. Platonic love, a phrase used in two senses, with allusion in both cases to Plato’s account of love in his Symposium. "Dynamics of vision in Plato's thought. The offspring of true virtue would essentially lead to a mortal achieving immortality.[6]. "... what is good is beautiful, and what is beautiful is good ..."[6], The Ladder of Love is named as such because it relates each step toward Being itself as consecutive rungs of a ladder. Platonic describes a relationship that is purely spiritual and not physical. • In the novel, Edward and Susannah present a perfect model of platonic love. In the following quote, the author simplifies the idea of virtue as simply what is "good". Opposite Of Platonic, Antonyms of Platonic, Meaning and Example Sentences Antonym opposite words contradict each other and meet opposite meanings. Learn how and when to remove this template message, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Platonic_love&oldid=996247071, Articles lacking in-text citations from January 2014, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from May 2020, All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from June 2019, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from December 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Messman, S. J., Hause, D. J., & Hause, K. S. (2000). A more spiritual form of the same craving for eternity is the aspiration to win immortal fame by combining with a kindred soul to give birth to sound institutions and rules of life. All the surprises in the world could pop up, but this relationship may stay the same. The first use of the modern sense of platonic love is taken as an invention of Ficino in one of his letters. This is the ancient, philosophical interpretation. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Plato defined platonic love as the kind of love that motivates us to become better versions of ourselves, inspiring us to pursue greater goals, and bringing us closer to enlightenment or the divine. In addition to being used to refer to a feeling, 'Platonic love 'It is also used to refer to the loved and idealized person who provokes this feeling. Miller, P. A. Platonic definition, of, relating to, or characteristic of Plato or his doctrines: the Platonic philosophy of ideal forms. "[4] (180c, 8) – Plato's quoting of Phaedrus' eulogy on Eros. It is named after Greek philosopher Plato, though the philosopher never used the term himself. It is the use of the word love that directs us towards a deeper relationship than the scope of a normal friendship. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. [3], "... virtue for the Greeks means self-sameness ... in Plato's terms, Being or idea. It explains the possibilities of how the feeling of love began, and how it has evolved — both sexually and non … The Symposium depicts Socrates as the type of the aspirant who has reached the goal of union and sets in sharp opposition to him the figure of Alcibiades, who has sold his spiritual birthright for the pleasures and ambitions of the world. Duras and platonic love: The erotics of substitution. A … What about the fact that boys and girls can never be friends? • When I talk about love affairs, I also include platonic love affairs. Sometimes, the connection is even greater. It may take a lot to shake up a platonic relationship. Platonic relationships or feelings of affection do not involve sex. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. The term amor platonicus was coined as early as the 15th Century by the Florentine scholar Marsilio Ficino as a synonym for amor socraticus. Each step closer to the truth further distances love from beauty of the body toward love that is more focused on wisdom and the essence of beauty. "Platonic love: dasein's urge toward being. The main argument may be summarized thus: eros, desirous love in all its forms, is a reaching out of the soul to a good to which it aspires but does not yet possess. It usually applies to that love which develops from an ideal or imagination, without any sexual intimacy. 3 Meaning of platonic love Platonic is an adjective that comes from Platonĭcus, a term from the Latin language. Platonic relationships generally involve a deep friendship of non-sexual nature among two heterosexual individuals who may or may not be of the opposite sex. "Duras and platonic love: The erotics of substitution. ", Herrmann, F. (2013). According to Science Daily, “Platonic love in its modern popular sense is an affectionate relationship into which the sexual element does not enter, … (2013). When we learn a language, when we learn a word in that language, it will be very useful for us to learn both the opposite and the synonyms of this word. From the Renaissance to the end of the 19th century, the term platonic love was also used as an occasional euphemism for homosexual love, in view of the comparatively tolerant attitude to such love discernible in Plato as well as in other Greek authors. The love described as the one practiced by those who are pregnant according to the soul, who partake of both the realm of beings and the realm of Being, who grasp Being indirectly, through the mediation of beings, would be a love that Socrates could practice. The following signs will make it easier to identify a platonic love friendship. For Diotima, and for Plato generally, the most correct use of love of human beings is to direct one's mind to love of divinity. It resonates with element water, since emotions need to flow. So the expression does line up with what Plato says about love. ‘platonic love’ ‘Modern readers continue to debate whether the poems express platonic friendship or sexual love.’ ‘Have you had a platonic friendship that crossed the line and became romantic or sexual?’ ‘It is a purely platonic friendship, we are good company for each other.’ The object which awakens this desirous love in all its forms is beauty, and beauty is eternal. That’s why when we use the term in daily life, we talk about it as a non-romantic love you have for a friend, which obviously means it’s non-sexual, too. Platonic love can be sturdy, unwavering, and unfazed. attraction towards beautiful form or body but transcends gradually to love for Supreme Beauty. However, these days the term “platonic relationship” is usually … Its symbol would be the white rose. platonic expression of inclination or liking. Divine Eros begins the journey from physical attraction, i.e. The first use of the modern sense of platonic love is taken a… For Plato, love aims at beautiful and good things, because this brings happiness. Updates? Real platonic love is stronger and more meaningful than romantic or sexual love. Watch this video to understand the same. See more. [according to whom?]. (2013). "[4] (187d, 17) - Eryximachus' "completion" of Pausanias' speech on Eros, Plato's Symposium defines two extremes in the process of platonic love; the entirely carnal and the entirely ethereal. • Lovely platonic evenings, the odd kiss and fumble? Learn more. "(106)[3], In short, with genuine platonic love, the beautiful or lovely other person inspires the mind and the soul and directs one's attention to spiritual things. Pregnancy of the soul, the next step in the process, produces "virtue"—which is the soul (truth) translating itself into material form. There is no need for a sexual connection. It may also be used to cover that stage of courtly love in which sexual intercourse is indefinitely postponed. To put it simply, platonic love refers to a form of love that is not sexual. If she describes the relationship as being platonic, most likely that's how she really views it. Dynamics of vision in Plato's thought. Still more spiritual is the endeavour, in association with chosen minds, to enrich philosophy and science with noble discourses and thoughts. This is the celebrated Platonic Love, which, from having originally meant a communion of two souls, and that in a rigidly dialectical sense, has been degraded to the expression of maudlin sentiment between the sexes. Platonic love or platonic relationship means a close relationship between two people that is not romantic. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/topic/Platonic-love. It brought about the best in both people. Platonic love (often lower-cased as platonic love)[1] is a type of love that is not sexual. [clarification needed][2], Platonic love is examined in Plato's dialogue, the Symposium, which has as its topic the subject of love or Eros generally. 1 : love conceived by Plato as ascending from passion for the individual to contemplation of the universal and ideal. Virtue, according to Greek philosophy, is the concept of how closely reality and material form equate with the ideal, true essence of an idea, such as beauty. Platonic friendship specifically refers to friendship between two people who could, in theory, feel attracted to each other. Platonic love is impossible to materialize or realize: that remains as something idyllic, which can never be achieved. A platonic relationship or emotion is loving but not sexual: 2. By extension, it may be used to cover that stage of chivalrous or courtly love in which sexual intercourse is indefinitely postponed. In the Middle Ages arose a new interest in Plato, his philosophy and his view of love. According to Diotima in her discussion with Socrates, for anyone to achieve the final rung in the Ladder of Love, they would essentially transcend the body and rise to immortality—gaining direct access to Being. Unlike romantic love, in platonic love, you feel attracted by their inner self, personality, and character. The term is named after the philosopher Plato, although the philosopher never used the term himself. The English term dates back to William Davenant's The Platonic Lovers (performed in 1635); a critique of the philosophy of platonic love which was popular at Charles I's court. Socrates defines love based on separate classifications of pregnancy (to bear offspring); pregnancy of the body, pregnancy of the soul, and direct connection to Being. [3] This definition varies considerably from the modern English interpretation of the term, where virtue equates to that which is good, positive, or benevolent. • And her diary reveals claims that her request for a purely platonic friendship had been loosely interpreted by Gerald. Watch Queue Queue. Though Plato's discussions of love originally centered on relationships which were sexual and between members of the same sex, scholar Todd Reeser studies how the meaning of platonic love in Plato's original sense underwent a transformation during the Renaissance, leading to the contemporary sense of nonsexual heterosexual love.[7]. Vulgar Eros is nothing but mere material attraction towards a beautiful body for physical pleasure and reproduction. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. Platonic love is understood as a distance love, based on fantasy and idealization , where the object of love is the perfect being, which possesses all good qualities and without defects. “And those who only know the non-platonic love have no need to talk of tragedy. Platonic love definition in English dictionary, Platonic love meaning, synonyms, see also 'Platonic solid',Platonic body',Platonically',plutonic'. Platonic love in this original sense of the term is examined in Plato's dialogue the Symposium, which has as its topic the subject of love or Eros generally. Such a form of love is impossible for a mortal to achieve. Platonic definition is - of, relating to, or characteristic of Plato or Platonism. Since the Cube is the most stable Platonic Solid and roots love to grow in the Earth, it strongly resonates with the Root Chakra. In this sense, it most often refers to a heterosexual relationship. [4], "[...] decent human beings must be gratified, as well as those that are not as yet decent, so that they might become more decent; and the love of the decent must be preserved. The immediate object of the Symposium—which professes to record the discourses made in eulogy of Eros by a group of eminent speakers at a banquet in honour of the tragic poet Agathon—is to find the highest manifestation of the love which controls the world in the mystic aspiration after union with the eternal and supercosmic beauty. For a brief period, Platonic love was a fashionable subject at the English royal court, especially in the circle around Queen Henrietta Maria, the wife of King Charles I. Platonic love was the theme of some of the courtly masques performed in the Caroline era—though the fashion soon waned under pressures of social and political change. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). "[3], Diotima considers the carnal limitation of human beings to the pregnancy of the body to be a form of tragedy, as it separates someone from the pursuit of truth. 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